Dental prostheses

we prsesnt an image of the face wit x ray view



Over the years, sometimes even earlier, for various reasons, we are forced to start thinking about supplementing the missing teeth, whether for aesthetic or functional reasons. Defects in the teeth reduce the quality of our lives, reduce self-confidence, limit spontaneous smiles, but above all, lead to problems with food.

Depending on whether we miss one, several or all teeth, we have different types of restorations to choose from. Some are better, others are cheaper, some are fixed, others are mobile. We will try to present here most of currently available solutions offered by our contemporary dentistry, prosthetics and implantology, because everyone, even a single lack in dentition, should be supplemented, because it can cause disturbances.

1. Complete venture

In the absence of all teeth, the only solution is to provide the jaw and / or mandible with a complete prosthesis.

Complete dentures can be movable, permanent or let's call it "semi-permanent".

Full movable prostheses:

So standard supplements, removable, the cheapest solution, made of durable materials, preventing distortion of the face. Unfortunately, this solution (except for the price only) has few advantages, because eating the favorite dishes for the owner of a regular removable prosthesis may turn out to be a problem, and the fear of falling out or moving the prosthesis during contact with people certainly spends sleep upon many users (prostheses of this type adhere to the principle of adhesion, thanks to the layer of saliva or are fixed with special adhesives). In addition, the artificial palate necessary to keep the jaw (upper) dentures in place makes it difficult to feel the flavors and provokes the gag reflex in many people.
Complete removable dentures, unfortunately, do not fulfill a very important function - they do not prevent bone atrophy, so after some time they become loose and require restoration.

Full permanent dentures:

This is a group of solutions used in edentulous patients, they are based on implants. These are the most advanced solutions. In this case, the porcelain prosthesis or bridge is fixed permanently to previously screwed in the bone "screws" or implants. The patient cannot take out such a prosthesis by himself, because it is screwed or cemented, which is synonymous with the fact that it will not fall out or slide, and it can be removed only in the dentist's office. This group includes the permanent prosthesis Toronto Bridge-prosthesis, lightweight, very aesthetic and giving the opportunity to quickly fill the missing teeth (within 72 h!).

Toronto Bridge prosthesis - Fixed dentures on implants have a lot of advantages:

- hold natural features face
- they are very aesthetic and perfectly imitate natural teeth
- they ensure comfort in eating all dishes
- - they are stable
- - they do not block the feeling of taste
- - they are comfortable: they do not irritate the gums
- - they do not require the use of adhesives
- - they prevent the loss of the bone.


The only disadvantage is its price.

Complete ‘semi-permanent’ dentures:

We have created such a subset of total dentures, to which we want to include telescopic prostheses and prostheses ‘on tenants’. These are two types of prostheses that are set up by the patient through various systems ("fasteners"), which makes them stable and immovable, while in the evening they require removal for cleaning (of course, done by the patient at home). A detailed description of the prostheses can be found here:

telescopic dentures prostheses on tenants

2. Partial venture

As the name suggests, partial dentures are used to fill partial missing teeth. We divide them into two groups: partial settling dentures and partial not settling dentures.

Partial settling dentures:

This type of prosthesis rests on the mucous membrane (on the gums and palate). They are mainly made of acrylic: both artificial gums, palate and teeth. They are often fastened with the help of various types of buckles, hinges, latches or locks - these are metal elements that can sometimes be visible. They do not require the use of glue. Settling dentures are based directly on the gums, which unfortunately favors bone atrophy. Over time, bone atrophy results in a deterioration in the fit of the prosthesis, which settles and requires replacement. These prostheses are movable, which means that the patient can take them out and put them on.

Partial settling dentures (skeletal):

They belong to movable restorations of missing teeth, that is, those that can and even need to be removed for proper hygiene. They are metal-acrylic dentures: they are made of a metal shaft and acrylic parts imitating teeth and gums. They do not act destructively on the tissues surrounding the teeth, because thanks to their design they transfer forces to teeth. They are maintained by means of buckles, latches or metal latches, but unlike dentures settling do not include a tooth around but based mainly on the occlusal surface. A thin metal skeleton does not cause discomfort to the patient and is not very visible.

Partial shortages in the teeth may also be supplemented with porcelain crowns or bridges based on adjacent teeth or on implants. Porcelain crowns are nothing but teeth made of porcelain, the frame of which can be metal, zirconium or porcelain), while porcelain bridges are "a few crowns connected, forming a whole". These are highly aesthetic and very durable solutions. Porcelain crowns made on implants, prevent bone atrophy.

As you can see above, solutions that help to fill missing teeth are not enough (and not all of them are included in the above article). Each has its own pros and cons. Now you know more or less what modern dentistry and prosthetics offers you. However, to choose the best solution for yourself it is always worthwhile to make an appointment, during which, after the examination, the doctor will advise you what will be the best in your case.



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Why to choose us for your plastic surgery and dental treatment

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