Dental crown

we present an image with porcelain bridge on teeth

The tooth consists of 2 parts: the root, which is hidden in the gum and is invisible to us and the crown or what is commonly called the tooth, the part that protrudes over the gum. The ability to chew food and our beautiful smile basically depends a lot on the crown of the tooth.

So when talking about crowns in prosthetics, we mean that part of the tooth visible to the naked eye in our mouth.

Crowns in dentistry are permanent prosthetic solutions that are used to cover a damaged tooth, strengthen it, improve its function, shape, cover discolorations or imperfections, or replace a tooth if it is missing. In short: the crowns serve to improve the function and the aesthetics of the masticatory system. Crowns are permanent solutions, which means that the patient cannot take them off by himself. Properly attached crowns should also not move or fall off. Crowns can be put on single teeth, previously prepared (by grinding) or fixed on implants - in the absence of a tooth. When there is a need to set up several crowns next to each other, we are talking about the so-called prosthetic bridges.

What are the crowns made of?

Currently, the most common crowns are made of porcelain when it comes to their outer layer, while their base or skeleton can be made of: metal, zirconia or porcelain.

Porcelain crowns on metal.

The metal used to make the skeleton of such a crown ensures its long durability. The most commonly used solution is the molars and premolars (because they "take" the largest loads when chewing food, so they must be very strong) but there are no medical contraindications to apply this type of solution to all teeth.

The disadvantages of this solution are gray colour of the metal, it does not let in light and, in some situations, using porcelain crowns on metal on fangs or incisors (ie the front teeth), when the patient smiles into the light, a light show of the darker color might occur. Sometimes also when, over the years, the so-called Gingival retraction can result in bruising at the gumline.

This solution can be used to supplement or rebuild each tooth, however, for aesthetic reasons, patients prefer this type of crowns to rebuild the "lateral" teeth (molars and premolars), because then, if they occur, the above two problems will be practically invisible.

Porcelain crowns on metal are a cheaper solution than two consecutive ones.

Porcelain crowns on zirconium.

As before, the outer layer, so the one visible in the face is porcelain, the skeleton of such a crown, however, is made of zirconium. Zirconium has the advantage over metal that it is white and perfectly transmits light, so the above-mentioned problems that can occur with crowns on metal, do not exist here. It should be remembered at the same time that zirconium, although it is white, belongs to the group of transition metals, so it is still a metal! We mention this because many people mistakenly think that because zirconium is white to metal it does not count. Thus, porcelain crowns on zirconium have a very high aesthetics, and thanks to the high light transmittance they imitate natural teeth perfectly. Perfect for rebuilding the front teeth (canines and incisors). Zirconium, however, is not as durable as metal, so it is not recommended to rebuild lateral teeth (molars and premolars), because it will not withstand the loads they are subjected to during chewing.

The price of a porcelain crown on zirconium is higher than that on metal primarily due to the time it takes for it to be made (it is almost twice as long as the need for a crown on metal).

All-porcelain - metal free (all-ceramic)

These are entirely porcelain crowns, both their base and the outer part. They are also called metal free crowns, due to the lack of metal in their composition. As for their aesthetic qualities, just like crowns on zirconium, they imitate real teeth very well, because their foundation is white like zirconium. However, they are used in most cases for the reconstruction of the front teeth (from three to three most often), because they are not strong enough to ‘accept’ the load that rests on the side teeth during chewing.

In most cases porcelain crowns can serve patients for very long years. However, sometimes, under unfavorable conditions, unfortunately their "viability" can be significantly reduced. The worst factors affecting the condition of crowns and bridges are: bruxism, incorrect occlusion and inadequate oral hygiene.

About what kind of crowns will be suitable for a particular patient decides primarily the doctor and the patient of course, when visiting a dental office, because everything really depends on the patient's oral cavity situation and on its financial capabilities.


Why in Poland?

Why to choose us for your plastic surgery and dental treatment

1. The costs of the treatment significantly lower than in the UK, without reducing its quality (experienced, professional doctors and hospitals/clinics equipped with the newest technology devices and machines).

2. Reduced waiting time for the procedures with all inclusive packages available.

3. Very convenient travel with direct flights from all over the Europe (and World!) - only less than 2 hours flight from the UK.

4. Perfect place for post-operative recovery with many touristic and quiet places. Everyone will find something suitable for themselves.

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